I had always thought that I should read the Constitution. Sure, I have read bits and pieces here and there and memorized sections for school tests, but I have never really sat down and paid attention.
The best way I could figure to motivate and hold myself accountable was to type it out.
I started typing it on Twitter and made it to Article II. That is where this post picks up. Most of the rest of this is just an exercise in making sure I read something I took for granted. I am not correcting every mistake I make while typing, because it does not really matter with this exercise, and it will also keep me from being tempted by copy/paste :). My goal is to finish….
The executive Power shall be vested in a POTUS of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of 4 years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an office of Trust or Profit under the US, shall be appointed an Elector.
The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for 2 Persons, of whom one at least shall not be an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and the number of Votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the US, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificated, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an Equal number of votes. the the HOR shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in the Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by the States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; A quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from 2/3 of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest number of votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain 2 or more who have equal votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by ballot the Vice President.
The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the day on which they shall give their Votes; which day shall be the same throughout the US.
No Person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the US, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of the President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age of 35yrs , and been 14yrs a Resident within the US.
In case of the Removal if the President from office, or of his death, resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the VP, and the Congress may by Law provide for the case of removal. Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and the VP, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.
The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased or diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the US, or any of them.
Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation–“I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of POTUS, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
The President Shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the US, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual service of the US; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principle Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any Subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons and offences against the US, except in cases of Impeachment.
He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided 2/3 of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public ministers and Consuls, Judges of the Supreme Court, and all other Officers of the US, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but the Congress may by law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.
The President shall have Power to fill up all vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.
He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and Recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may; on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them , and in Case of disagreement between them, with Respect to the time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public ministers’ he shall take Care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the Officers of the US.
The President, VP, and all civil Officers of the US, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.
The judicial Power of the US, shall be vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour, and shall, at stated times, receive for their Services, a Compensation, which shall not be determined during their Continuance in Office.
The Judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under the Constitution, the Laws of the US, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their authority; —to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, and other public ministries and Consuls–to all cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction;–to Controversies to which the US shall be party;–to Controversies between 2 or more states;–between states and citizens of another State;-between citizens of different States;, –between citizens of the same state claiming lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens, or Subjects.
In all Cases Affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.
The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed in any State, the Trial shall be such Place or Places as the Congress may be Law have directed.
Treason against the US, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless the Testimony of 2 Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.
The Congress shall have power to declare punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attained.
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceeding of every other State. and the Congress may by general Laws Prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
The Citizens of each state with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the state having jurisdiction of the Crime.
New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of 2 or more Sates, or Parts of States, without the consent of the Legislature of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other property belonging to the US; and nothing in this constitutions shall be so construed as to Prejudice and Claims of the US, or of any particular State.
The US shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.
The Congress, whenever 2/3 of both Houses should deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of 2/3 of the several states, shall call a Convention for proposing amendments. which, in either case, shall be valid to all intent and purposes, as a part of the Constitution, when ratified by the Legislature of 3/4 of the several States, or by Conventions in 3/4 thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be Proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the year 1808 shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.
All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the US under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.
This Constitution, and the Laws of the US which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the united States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, and Thing in the constitution or Laws of any States to the Contrary notwithstanding
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the US and of the Several Sates, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or Public Trust under the US.
The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.
I have not decided if I am going to type or just read aloud the amendments.
Here is some additional information from the site that was used most of the time:
Note 1: This text of the Constitution follows the engrossed copy signed by Gen. Washington and the deputies from 12 States. The arabic numerals preceding the paragraphs designate Clauses, and were not printed (but are referred to) in the original and have no reference to footnotes that appear as small superior figures (superscripts). ratification
Note 2: The part of Article 1 Section 2 Clause 3 relating to the mode of apportionment of representatives among the several States has been affected by Amendment XIV Section 2, and as to taxes on incomes without apportionment by Amendment XVI.
Note 12: The first ten amendments to the Constitution of the United States are known as the Bill of Rights
Note 13: The Bill of Rights only had ten of the twelve articles ratified and these were then renumbered. Of the others only the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th articles of amendment had numbers assigned to them at the time of ratification.